- Fatigue and weakness
- Swelling or oedema in the legs, ankles, or feet
- Changes in urination patterns, including increased or decreased frequency
- Blood in the urine
- Foamy or bubbly urine
- Difficulty concentrating
- Persistent itching
- Muscle cramps, especially in the legs
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Unexplained weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Shortness of breath
- Sleep disturbances
- Metallic taste in the mouth
- Abnormalities in blood tests, including elevated levels of creatinine and urea
Chronic Kidney Disease can have various underlying causes. Multiple factors may contribute to developing the condition. Some of the most common causes for kidney or renal failure include:
- Diabetes: One of the primary causes of renal disease is diabetes. High blood sugar levels for a long period can damage the blood vessels in the renal, affecting their ability to filter waste and excess fluids, leading to renal diseases.
- Hypertension: Uncontrolled high blood pressure, often known as hypertension, may damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing their filtering capacity.
- Glomerulonephritis: This condition involves inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units and can be caused by infections, autoimmune diseases, or other immune system-related disorders.
- Polycystic Kidney Disease: It is a hereditary ailment in which cysts grow in the kidneys, causing gradual kidney enlargement and damage.
- Obstructive Nephropathy: Conditions that block the urinary tract, such as kidney stones, tumours, or an enlarged prostate, can obstruct urine flow and lead to kidney damage.
- Recurrent Kidney Infections: Repeated kidney infections can cause scarring and kidney damage over time.
- Medications and Toxins: Certain medications, if taken in excess or over an extended period, can cause kidney diseases.
- Family History: A family history of kidney disease may increase an individual’s risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease.
- Other Risk Factors: Several factors, such as smoking, obesity, a diet high in salt or protein, and inadequate fluid intake, can also contribute to the development and progression of renal disease.
As Chronic Kidney Disease gradually deteriorates, it can lead to various complications. These complications can affect multiple organ systems and overall health. Some common complications related to Chronic Kidney Disease include:
- Cardiovascular disease: Kidney failure significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, like heart attacks, heart strokes, and high blood pressure.
- Anaemia: Reduced kidney function can lead to decreased erythropoietin production, a hormone responsible for producing red blood cells. This can result in anaemia and causes fatigue, weakness, and a decreased ability to carry oxygen in the blood.
- Mineral and Bone Disorders: Chronic Kidney Disease can disrupt the balance of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D in the body, leading to weakened bones and an increased risk of fractures. This condition is known as renal osteodystrophy.
- Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance: As the kidneys lose their ability to regulate electrolytes like potassium and sodium, imbalances can occur. This can lead to muscle weakness, irregular heart rhythms, and other complications.
- Uremia: In the advanced stage of kidney failure, the buildup of waste materials and toxins in the bloodstream can cause a condition called uremia. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, confusion, and itching.
- Peripheral Neuropathy: Chronic Kidney Disease can affect the nerves in the extremities, leading to peripheral neuropathy. This can cause numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness, particularly in the hands and feet.
- Fluid Retention: Impaired kidney function can result in fluid accumulation in the body, leading to swelling in the legs, high blood pressure, and difficulty breathing if fluid accumulates in the lungs.
- Focuses on Holistic and Individualized Approach: Naturopathic practitioners take a holistic approach to healthcare, considering the person as a whole and addressing the root causes of Chronic Kidney Disease. Naturopathy focuses on personalised treatment plans tailored to each patient’s unique needs, considering factors such as diet, lifestyle, stress levels, and genetics.
- Emphasis on Lifestyle Modifications: Naturopathy places a strong emphasis on lifestyle factors, such as diet, exercise, stress reduction, and sleep hygiene. These lifestyle modifications can play a critical role in managing kidney diseases and other health conditions by controlling underlying conditions like diabetes and hypertension, which are common causes of various health disorders.
- Promotes Natural Therapies and Supplements: Naturopathic practitioners often recommend natural remedies, including herbal supplements and dietary changes, to support kidney health. These approaches can help alleviate some Chronic Kidney Disease symptoms and promote kidney function.
- Focus on Preventive Care: Naturopathy emphasises preventive care and proactive management of health conditions. Naturopathic practitioners often work with patients to establish long-term wellness plans, including regular monitoring and adjustments to treatment as needed. It effectively reduces the progression of the disease and the risk of complications.
Naturopathy can offer an effective treatment approach to help manage Chronic Kidney Disease by focusing on holistic, natural therapies and lifestyle modifications; this approach addresses the underlying causes of health issues, rather than merely alleviating symptoms, by supporting the body’s inner ability to heal itself.
Healthville, India’s best naturopathy centre, provides the most effective treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease. The expert naturopaths will make individualised treatment plans by addressing the primary causes of renal failure. The naturopathic approach to manage Chronic Kidney Disease includes:
- Diet therapy: Naturopathic practitioners often provide personalised diet plans as per the specific needs of individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease. These diet plans typically aim to reduce the pressure on the kidneys by limiting the intake of certain nutrients like sodium, phosphorus, and protein and emphasise the consumption of kidney-friendly foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, to support overall health.
- Herbal Remedies and Supplements: Naturopathy may incorporate herbal remedies and dietary supplements to promote kidney health.
- Naturopathy treatments: The most effective naturopathic therapies include;
- General Detoxification: Naturopathic treatments focus on supporting the body’s natural detoxification processes. While the kidneys are responsible for filtering waste from the blood, naturopathic therapies help reduce the body’s toxic burden, relieving some of the stress on the kidneys.
- Massage therapy: Specific massage techniques are applied to reduce the stiffness of the joints. It helps to remove toxins from the body by improving blood circulation towards the excretory organs and reducing swelling and pain.
- Hot foot bath with Epsom salt: It increases blood circulation towards the legs and relieves pain & inflammation. Its derivative effect diverts the accumulated fluids from the abdominal area.
- Immersion Bath: A special technique is followed to strengthen the kidney and improve its function. In this technique, the patient sits in a tub filled with therapeutic hot water for at least one hour. It reduces inflammation and promotes healing.
- Alternate Hot & Cold Application: This is an excellent way to reduce swelling and inflamation.
- Yoga and Pranyama therapy: Yogic asanas that help to manage the early stage of Chronic Kidney Disease include Surya namaskar, Mansukaasana, Ardhmatsyendraasana, and Paschimottanasana, and the Pranyama that promotes healing may include Bhramari Pranayama, Bhastrika Pranayama, Nadi Shodhanam Pranayama.